首次超越Java,Python成为第二大最受欢迎的编程语言

InfoQ 2020-11-06 01:15:39
首次 超越 java python 成为


{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"近日,Tiobe "},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.tiobe.com\/tiobe-index\/","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"公布了"}]},{"type":"text","text":" 2020 年 11 月编程语言排行榜。排行榜显示,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"Python 第一次超越 Java"},{"type":"text","text":",成为第二大最受欢迎的编程语言。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在 Tiobe 指数近 20 年的历史上,C 和 Java 一直牢牢占据着前两名的位置。现在,Java 却“跌落神坛”,被 Python 赶超,排名第三。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/c3\/ee\/c3f8a5007033259f2380f49f1782dcee.jpg","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"具体来说,与去年同期相比,Python 有 2.27% 的上升,而 Java 在同一阶段则下降了 4.47%。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/fa\/91\/fac391ca879d0fe7af511d71e2fcc391.jpg","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在 RedMonk "},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.zdnet.com\/article\/programming-language-popularity-python-overtakes-java-as-rust-reaches-top-20\/","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"7 月编程语言排行榜"}]},{"type":"text","text":"中,Python 同样抢走了 Java 第二名的位置。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"10 月底,SlashData 发布的开发者报告显示,Python 在全球有 900 万的用户,排名第二。Slashdata 将数据与 2017 年的数据进行比较,它们发现在数据科学和机器学习的浪潮推动下,"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"使用 Python 的开发人员数量仅在去年一年就增加了 220 万"},{"type":"text","text":"。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"根据美国 IEEE Spectrum 的"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.zdnet.com\/article\/top-programming-languages-python-rules-still-but-old-cobol-gets-a-pandemic-bump\/","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最新"}]},{"type":"text","text":"流行度排名,Python 已经成为顶级编程语言。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"毫无疑问,人工智能浪潮下,Python 在机器学习和数据科学领域越来越受欢迎。Tiobe CEO Paul Jansen 表示,Python 在编程语言流行度上最近有大幅提升,原因在于对于非科班程序员来说,它学习门槛低,很容易上手,而不是仅作为高级程序员的语言。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"“我相信,Python 的流行与普遍的需求有关,”Jansen 写道,“在过去,大多数编程活动都靠软件工程师完成。但是,如今到处都需要编程技能,且缺乏优秀的软件开发人员。因此,我们需要可以由非软件工程师处理的简单事物,而 Python 正好可以满足需求。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Paul Jansen 还提到一件事:前段时间,他的车在路上爆胎,于是,他给路政巡警打电话希望能得到解决。在和工作人员的闲聊中,修理工非常热情地谈论自己的爱好——用 Python 编程。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"他表示,“从那一刻起,我就知道 P"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"ython 会变得无处不在"},{"type":"text","text":"。”"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在《Python 吞噬世界》一文中,Nick Heath写道:如今,人们对 Python 的热情已经远远超出了最初的开发者圈子。一些人预测,随着 Python 用户群的快速增长,它很快会成为世界上最流行的编程语言。每天有数以百万计的人使用 Python,用户群呈现出指数级的增长,几乎没有出现下降的迹象。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"不管是专业的还是业余的开发人员,他们都在使用 Python 处理大大小小的任务,特别是 Web 开发人员、数据科学家和系统管理员。今年出现的第一批黑洞图片就是用 Python 拼接出来的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/0a\/f7\/0a88cd85f3387032db548a4yy6e7ecf7.jpg","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Python 在一些世界知名的组织中扮演着关键角色,比如,Netflix 用 Python 向全球 1 亿多户家庭提供流媒体视频,Instagram 用 Python 实现图片分享,NASA 借助 Python 来探索太空。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"延伸阅读:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.infoq.cn\/article\/Vf9TLJW608LTTPGWUdgU","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Python 正在吞噬世界"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}}]}
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