用了10年Windows后,我最终转向Linux

InfoQ 2020-11-09 14:02:04
linux windows 用了 最终 转向


{"type":"doc","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"如果没有装操作系统,计算机就会变成毫无价值的设备,因为操作系统是连接用户和硬件的中间接口。人们根据自己的偏好和想做的事来选择操作系统。此外,一些人不得不使用他们喜欢的硬件设备自带的操作系统(比如,Apple电脑自带的macOS系统)。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"我的第一台计算机是一台奔腾II。我购买时,它装了Windows 98。此后,我用了几个月的Windows 2000。和大部分Windows死忠粉一样,我用了Windows XP和Windows7有很长时间。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"在完全转向Ubuntu之前,我最喜欢的操作系统是Windows 10。正如大家所说,免费是导致我们选择一个Linux发行版操作系统而非一个专有操作系统的一个主要因素。但是,在他们为Windows 7修改图形用户界面前,Windows对我来说都是可以的。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/34\/aa\/3430a146dc509898e7d2e0e11f2935aa.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"我的Ubuntu桌面"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"我切换到Linux,主要是有以下几个主要因素。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"稳定性和性能"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/46\/21\/4611401b37e6a3d1232bd3dbd410ff21.jpeg","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Windows 10需要至少8GB物理内存才能正常运行操作系统,但是当你同时运行多个应用程序时,拥有16GB物理内存确实会很有帮助。另一方面,最新版的Ubuntu用4GB内存就可以很好地运行,比Windows 10占用的内存更少。个人认为最新版的Windows的系统架构比较混乱,因为大部分组件和模块看起来比较臃肿,占用太多内存。我猜其主要原因是微软试图通过在Windows XP之后插入新的模块来更新现有的核心组件。Windows XP只需要128MB内存就比Ubuntu运行得快。例如,操作系统的某些部分由全新的现代UI元素(UWP)组成,而其它部分仍然使用老式的Windows 7风格的UI元素。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"事实上,Ubuntu将UI和系统核心进行了很好的分离。对于用得比较少的工具没有提供图形化的用户界面。此外,Ubuntu在安装时不会安装所有东西,而是允许用户在有特定需求时再安装。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"另一方面,Windows忽略了低端设备。毫无疑问的是,Windows更新机制令用户头疼,而Linux的系统更新比较平滑且对用户友好。令人惊讶的是,新引入的Ubuntu"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/ubuntu.com\/security\/livepatch","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"LivePatch"}]},{"type":"text","text":"甚至不需要重启就可以更新内核。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"极简主义和未来派设计"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"最新版本的Ubuntu包含"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/www.gnome.org\/","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"GNOME"}]},{"type":"text","text":"桌面环境,这是我的最爱。GNOME有一个极简主义和未来派的设计,在所有地方都有一致的UI元素。重要的是,桌面图标和工作台之类的功能作为扩展提供,有许多扩展可以根据你的喜好进行安装。GNOME基本上给我们真正需要的东西,而不是过于复杂的所有东西。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"例如,只需要比较Ubuntu和Windows上的文件管理应用程序。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/a2\/3b\/a2e3505a023999902a26f79bb25e3f3b.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Ubuntu上的文件管理器(GNOME)"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/48\/6f\/488030bd1c78c21a50126ab7949cca6f.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Windows上的文件浏览器"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"开发者友好的环境"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"blockquote","content":[{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"italic"}],"text":"要么你扔钱用macOS,要么你学习尝试Linux,否则就使用Windows作为另一种计算机用户。"}]}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"与Windows相比,Linux确实需要一些技术知识来上手。然而,Canonical团队似乎正在努力改进Ubuntu,通过提供Ubuntu软件商店之类的东西来满足一般计算机用户的需求。然而,开发者友好的环境是我转向Ubuntu的一个主要原因。Ubuntu有非常有用的内置工具:GNU C\/C++编译器集合、编译等。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"此外,它比Windows更有效地运行Docker等容器化工具,因为Linux架构对容器化理念的支持比Windows更好。Linux生态系统激励我们在各种情景下使用命令行工具。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"即使是上下文菜单上的一个简单菜单选项也会极大地激发开发者。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"image","attrs":{"src":"https:\/\/static001.geekbang.org\/resource\/image\/bc\/e2\/bc1637b2d3157135cf15b280320e0ae2.png","alt":null,"title":"","style":[{"key":"width","value":"75%"},{"key":"bordertype","value":"none"}],"href":"","fromPaste":false,"pastePass":false}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":"center","origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Ubuntu中终端(Terminal)选项上的打开(Open)菜单"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"安全"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"事实上,安全性是任何数字平台的一个主要关注点。无论在什么地方,我们都面临过至少一个恶意攻击。当我使用Windows XP时,我就遇到了"},{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/en.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Brontok","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"Brontok"}]},{"type":"text","text":"病毒引起的的问题。它总是每隔几分钟就打开一个web页面。现在,大部分恶意程序都试图窃取个人数据,对我们操作系统的安全性,我们需要三思。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"相比于Windows,Linux在通用用户领域仍然只有(~"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"2%"},{"type":"text","text":")的很少的市场份额。因此,针对Linux用户的恶意程序并不多。同时,大约~"},{"type":"text","marks":[{"type":"strong"}],"text":"78%"},{"type":"text","text":"的使用Windows的个人电脑用户受到恶意程序创建者的关注。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"操作系统安全并不仅仅与恶意软件有关。身份验证、硬件保护和网络安全也是操作系统安全的一部分。Ubuntu源码已经作为一个开源项目发布。因此,与Windows不同,Ubuntu检测系统漏洞的可能性更高,因为社区可以参与源代码。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"heading","attrs":{"align":null,"level":2},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"结论"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"现在,所有东西都朝着云生态系统发展,而且这是不可避免的。因此,操作系统成为了填补用户和硬件之间空白的一个代理。计算机硬件也日益变得越来越便宜,功能越来越强大。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"此外,混合应用程序正在取代与操作系统密切相关的原生应用程序。因此,对于普通用户,计算机上运行哪个操作系统并不重要。但是,作为开发者,我们真的非常关注这一点。"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"原文链接:"}]},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null}},{"type":"paragraph","attrs":{"indent":0,"number":0,"align":null,"origin":null},"content":[{"type":"link","attrs":{"href":"https:\/\/medium.com\/swlh\/why-i-switched-to-linux-after-using-windows-for-10-years-247de78058ef","title":null,"type":null},"content":[{"type":"text","text":"https:\/\/medium.com\/swlh\/why-i-switched-to-linux-after-using-windows-for-10-years-247de78058ef"}]}]}]}
版权声明
本文为[InfoQ]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://www.infoq.cn/article/gVpbZ8fWEVU6T4VbHQh9?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=article

  1. 【计算机网络 12(1),尚学堂马士兵Java视频教程
  2. 【程序猿历程,史上最全的Java面试题集锦在这里
  3. 【程序猿历程(1),Javaweb视频教程百度云
  4. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  5. [computer network 12 (1), Shang Xuetang Ma soldier java video tutorial
  6. The most complete collection of Java interview questions in history is here
  7. [process of program ape (1), JavaWeb video tutorial, baidu cloud
  8. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  9. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  10. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  11. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  12. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  13. 【递归,Java传智播客笔记
  14. [recursion, Java intelligence podcast notes
  15. [adhere to painting for 386 days] the beginning of spring of 24 solar terms
  16. K8S系列第八篇(Service、EndPoints以及高可用kubeadm部署)
  17. K8s Series Part 8 (service, endpoints and high availability kubeadm deployment)
  18. 【重识 HTML (3),350道Java面试真题分享
  19. 【重识 HTML (2),Java并发编程必会的多线程你竟然还不会
  20. 【重识 HTML (1),二本Java小菜鸟4面字节跳动被秒成渣渣
  21. [re recognize HTML (3) and share 350 real Java interview questions
  22. [re recognize HTML (2). Multithreading is a must for Java Concurrent Programming. How dare you not
  23. [re recognize HTML (1), two Java rookies' 4-sided bytes beat and become slag in seconds
  24. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  25. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  26. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  27. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  28. 一次性捋清楚吧,对乱糟糟的,Spring事务扩展机制
  29. 一文彻底弄懂如何选择抽象类还是接口,连续四年百度Java岗必问面试题
  30. Redis常用命令
  31. 一双拖鞋引发的血案,狂神说Java系列笔记
  32. 一、mysql基础安装
  33. 一位程序员的独白:尽管我一生坎坷,Java框架面试基础
  34. Clear it all at once. For the messy, spring transaction extension mechanism
  35. A thorough understanding of how to choose abstract classes or interfaces, baidu Java post must ask interview questions for four consecutive years
  36. Redis common commands
  37. A pair of slippers triggered the murder, crazy God said java series notes
  38. 1、 MySQL basic installation
  39. Monologue of a programmer: despite my ups and downs in my life, Java framework is the foundation of interview
  40. 【大厂面试】三面三问Spring循环依赖,请一定要把这篇看完(建议收藏)
  41. 一线互联网企业中,springboot入门项目
  42. 一篇文带你入门SSM框架Spring开发,帮你快速拿Offer
  43. 【面试资料】Java全集、微服务、大数据、数据结构与算法、机器学习知识最全总结,283页pdf
  44. 【leetcode刷题】24.数组中重复的数字——Java版
  45. 【leetcode刷题】23.对称二叉树——Java版
  46. 【leetcode刷题】22.二叉树的中序遍历——Java版
  47. 【leetcode刷题】21.三数之和——Java版
  48. 【leetcode刷题】20.最长回文子串——Java版
  49. 【leetcode刷题】19.回文链表——Java版
  50. 【leetcode刷题】18.反转链表——Java版
  51. 【leetcode刷题】17.相交链表——Java&python版
  52. 【leetcode刷题】16.环形链表——Java版
  53. 【leetcode刷题】15.汉明距离——Java版
  54. 【leetcode刷题】14.找到所有数组中消失的数字——Java版
  55. 【leetcode刷题】13.比特位计数——Java版
  56. oracle控制用户权限命令
  57. 三年Java开发,继阿里,鲁班二期Java架构师
  58. Oracle必须要启动的服务
  59. 万字长文!深入剖析HashMap,Java基础笔试题大全带答案
  60. 一问Kafka就心慌?我却凭着这份,图灵学院vip课程百度云