Thirty two pictures show you how easy Jenkins is to build spring boot~

A lying boy 2020-11-10 12:23:09
thirty pictures easy jenkins build

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  • Preface
  • How to install Jenkins?
    • Environmental preparation
    • Start installation Jenkins
  • Initialize configuration
    • Visit the home page
    • Enter the administrator password
    • Installing a plug-in
    • Create administrator
    • The instance configuration
    • Configuration complete
  • structure Spring Boot project
    • To configure JDK、maven、Git Environmental Science
    • Installing a plug-in
    • add to SSH Server
    • Add the credentials
    • newly build Maven project
    • Build tasks
  • How to build hosting in GitLab Project ?
    • Installing a plug-in
    • add to GitLab API token
    • To configure GitLab plug-in unit
    • A new task
    • Follow up operation
  • How to build a multi module project ?
  • summary


I don't know if big guy has heard of it , Have you ever used a similar tool ?

In short , The main job of automatic continuous integration is to be able to build projects 、 Automated testing and release .

Today's article will talk about common tools for continuous integration Jenkins And how to automatically build Spring Boot project .

How to install Jenkins?

Jenkins yes Java A set of tools developed , You can download it directly war Package is deployed in Tomcat On , But today the author is most convenient to use 、 One of the most popular Docker install .

Environmental preparation

Before you start the installation, you need to prepare the following environment and tools :

  1. One server , Of course, if you don't, you can use your own computer , The author's server model is Ubuntu.
  2. JDK Environmental installation , The author's version is 1.8, As for how to install , There are many tutorials online .
  3. Get ready maven Environmental Science , Download an installation package from the official website , Put it in the specified directory .
  4. Git Environmental installation , There are many online tutorials .
  5. Code hosting platform , such as GithubGitLab etc. .

Start installation Jenkins

Docker install Jenkins Very convenient , Just follow the author's steps step by step , Must be able to install successfully .

Docker Environmental installation

Each server model is installed in a different way , Readers can install according to their own model , There are many online tutorials .

Pull the mirror image

The version I installed here is jenkins/jenkins:2.222.3-centos, You can get the version you need here : Execute the following command to install :

docker pull jenkins/jenkins:2.222.3-centos

Create local data volumes

Create a data volume mount locally docker The data volume in the container , I created /data/jenkins_home/, The order is as follows :

 mkdir -p /data/jenkins_home/

You need to modify the directory permissions , Because when mapping local data volumes ,/data/jenkins_home/ The directory is owned by root user , And in the container jenkins User uid by 1000.

chown -R 1000:1000 /data/jenkins_home/

Create a container

In addition to the need to mount the above created /data/jenkins_home/ outside , You also need to mount mavenjdk Root directory . The start command is as follows :

docker run -d --name jenkins -p 8040:8080 -p 50000:50000 -v /data/jenkins_home:/var/jenkins_home -v /usr/local/jdk:/usr/local/jdk -v /usr/local/maven:/usr/local/maven jenkins/jenkins:2.222.3-centos

The above command is parsed as follows :

  1. -d: Background running container
  2. --name: Specifies the name of the container to start
  3. -p: Specify the port of the mapping , Here is the server's 8040 The port maps to the container 8080 as well as 50000 Mapped to container 50000. Be careful : 8040 and 50000 It must be open and unoccupied , If cloud server is used , We also need to open the corresponding rules in the management platform .
  4. -v: Mount the local data volume to docker In the container , Be careful : Need to put JDK and maven The directory where is mounted .

Initialize configuration

Container started successfully , You need to configure Jenkins, Install some plugins 、 Configure remote push and so on .

Visit the home page

Container created successfully , visit http://ip:8040, If the following page appears, the installation is successful :

Enter the administrator password

Successful launch , You will be asked to enter the password , Here's the picture :

What is required here is the password for management , The hint is in /var/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword, But we have already /var/jenkins_home This folder is mounted to the local directory , So you just need to mount the directory /data/jenkins_home/secrets/initialAdminPassword Find... In the file .

Input password , Click to continue .

Installing a plug-in

To initialize the installation, you only need to install some plug-ins recommended by the community , Here's the picture :

Choose here Install the recommended plug-ins , then Jenkins The installation will start automatically .

Be careful : If the plug-in installation is slow , find /data/jenkins_home/updates/default.json file , The replacement is as follows :

  1. take Replace with
  2. take Replace with

Execute the following two commands :

sed -i 's/' default.json

sed -i 's/\/download/\/jenkins/g' default.json

All installed , Move on to the next step .

Create administrator

Create an administrator at will , Fill in the information as required , Here's the picture :

The instance configuration

Configure your own server IP and port , Here's the picture :

Configuration complete

Follow the steps above , After configuration, it will automatically jump to the following interface :

structure Spring Boot project

You need to configure some development environment before you build it , such as JDK,Maven Such as the environment .

To configure JDK、maven、Git Environmental Science

Jenkins Integration needs to use mavenJDKGit Environmental Science , Here's how to configure .

Start by opening System management -> Global tool configuration , Here's the picture :

Configure separately JDK,Git,Maven The path of , Fill in according to your actual path .

Be careful : there JDKGitMaven The environment must be mounted to docker In the container , Otherwise, the following prompt will appear :

 xxxx is not a directory on the Jenkins master (but perhaps it exists on some agents)

After successful configuration , Click save .

Installing a plug-in

In addition to the plug-ins installed in the initialization configuration , Also need to install the following plug-ins :

  1. Maven Integration
  2. Publish Over SSH

open System management -> Plug-in management , choice Optional plug-ins , Check Maven Integration and Publish Over SSH, Click on Direct installation .

Check the installation interface and restart after installation Jenkins.

add to SSH Server

SSH Server Is used to connect to the deployment server , It is used to push your application to the server and execute the corresponding script after the project is built .

open System management -> The system configuration , find Publish Over SSH part , choice newly added

Click on senior Expand configuration

The final configuration is as follows :

After the configuration is completed, you can click Test Configuration Test connection , appear success The connection is successful .

Add the credentials

The credentials It's used to get from Git Warehouse pull code , open The credentials -> System -> Global credentials -> Add the credentials

The configuration here is Github, Use it directly user name and password , Here's the picture :

Create success , Click save .

newly build Maven project

After the above configuration is completed, you can start to build , First you need to create a new Maven project , Steps are as follows .

Create tasks

Click... On the home page A new task -> Construct a maven project , Here's the picture :

Source code management

In source management , choice Git, Fill in Warehouse address , Select the previously added voucher .

Constructing environment

Check Add timestamps to the Console Output, The log will be printed out during code construction .

Build command

stay Build in , Fill in Root POM and Goals and options, That's your command to build the project .

Post Steps

choice Run only if build succeeds, add to Post step , choice Send files or execute commands over SSH.

The options in the figure above are analyzed as follows :

  1. name: Select the previously added SSH Server
  2. Source files: Files to push
  3. Remove prefix: Prefix to remove from file path ,
  4. Remote directory: Which directory to push to the target server
  5. Exec command: The script to be executed on the target server

Exec command Specifies the script to be executed , as follows :

# jdk Environmental Science , If global configuration , It can be omitted 
export JAVA_HOME=/xx/xx/jdk
export JRE_HOME=/xx/xx/jdk/jre
export CLASSPATH=/xx/xx/jdk/lib
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:$PATH

# jenkins Compiled jar Bag location , It's mounting docker Under the directory of 
# Self defined jar Bag location 

## jar The name of the package 

if [ ! -d $DIR/backup ];then
 mkdir -p $DIR/backup

ps -ef | grep $JARFILE | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}' | xargs kill -9

if [ -f $DIR/backup/$JARFILE ]; then
 rm -f $DIR/backup/$JARFILE


java -jar $DIR/backup/$JARFILE > out.log &
if [ $? = 0 ];then
 sleep 30
 tail -n 50 out.log

cd $DIR/backup/
ls -lt|awk 'NR>5{print $NF}'|xargs rm -rf

The above script roughly means that will kill The original process , Start a new build jar package .

Scripts can be customized , Such as backup Jar Wait for the operation .

Build tasks

After the completion of the new project , Everything is ready , Click on Build immediately You can start building tasks , The console can see log Output , If the build fails , stay log The reason will be output in .

The task build process executes the script to start the project .

How to build hosting in GitLab Project ?

The example described above is to build Github Warehouse project , But enterprises are generally private service GitLab, So how to configure it ?

In fact, the principle is the same , It's just that when you build a task, you choose GitLab The credentials , More on this below .

Installing a plug-in

stay System management -> Plug-in management -> Optional plug-ins Mid search GitLab Plugin And install .

add to GitLab API token

Start by opening The credentials -> System -> Global credentials -> Add the credentials , Here's the picture :

In the picture above API token How to get it ?

open GitLab( For example, the company intranet GitLab Website ), Click... Under the personal settings menu setting, Click again Account, Copy Private token, as follows :

The image above Private token It is API token, Just fill it in .

To configure GitLab plug-in unit

open System management -> The system configuration ->GitLab, Here's the picture :

After successful configuration , Click on Test Connection, If you are prompted Success Then the configuration is successful .

A new task

Create a new one Maven Mission , The configuration steps are the same as above , The only difference is configuration Git Where the warehouse address is , Here's the picture :

Warehouse address and credentials need to be filled in Gitlab Corresponding .

Follow up operation

The following operations , Like building projects , Console output and other operations , It's all with GitHub Same operation , I'm not going to repeat that .

How to build a multi module project ?

If your multiple modules are not dependent on private server repositories , So there is a sequence in building packages , When creating a new task, you need to configure Build Of maven command , Here's the picture :

In the picture above Goals and options The command in is to build api The command of this module , As for what this order means , There's a separate article earlier on , Please have a look at Thinking about a package , original maven I can still play like this ~.


This article describes in detail how to deploy a from zero installation Jenkins, Now I can boast again , ha-ha ....

If it feels good , You can't get lost ~

本文为[A lying boy]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

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