Docker practice (1) - use Jenkins image to create a container and build an automated test environment of Python + pytest + allure

Little pineapple test notes 2020-11-10 17:23:24
docker practice use jenkins image

If you want to learn from scratch Docker, Take a look at this series of articles !


install Docker

Refer to my article directly :


download Jenkins Mirror image

Search for jenkins Mirror image

docker search jenkins

Focus on the first three

  1. The first is the official mirror image , But the version is old , Not recommended
  2. Although it's not the official mirror image , however jenkins The version of will follow jenkins The official version , That is to say, it will keep the mirror image down jenkins The version is the latest , recommend , I also use this
  3. The third image is Chinese jenkins Mirror image , But the mirror system is not familiar to us centos、ubuntu、Debian  etc. , It is Alpine, It's not common to install dependent libraries , Not recommended


download jenkins Mirror image

docker pull jenkins/jenkins

This will download the latest version of jenkins Mirror image


View local image

docker images 


establish Jenkins Containers

Create a directory under the host

Used to mount the directory

mkdir -p /var/jenkins_node


Give the mount directory the highest permission

Readable, writable, and executable

chmod -R 777 /var/jenkins_node


Create and launch jenkins Containers

  • -d: Guardian mode
  • -uroot: Use root Identity into the container , It is recommended to add , Avoid permission errors when executing certain commands in the container
  • -p: host 80 Of the port mapping container 8080 port , Later visit jenkins Direct access to the host ip That's it , No need to add 8080 port
  • -v: Directory mapping
  • --name: Customize a container name
  • Use the one recommended above jenkins/jenkins Mirror image
docker run -d -uroot -p 80:8080 --name jenkins1 -v /var/jenkins_node:/var/jenkins_home jenkins/jenkins


See if the container is running

docker ps


Get into jenkins Containers CLI Interface

docker exec -it -uroot jenkins1 bash

You can also specify root Identity into the container


Lead to

# Get the latest packages
apt-get update
# Upgrade installed packages
apt-get upgrade
# Install in advance , For the next configuration operation
apt-get -y install gcc automake autoconf libtool make
apt-get -y install make*
apt-get -y install zlib*
apt-get -y install openssl libssl-dev
apt-get install sudo


install Python Environmental Science

download python

cd /usr/local/src
tar -zxvf Python-3.6.8.tgz
mv Python-3.6.8 py3.6
cd py3.6


make Compilation and installation

stay  /usr/local/src/py3.6  Execute the following command in the installation directory

./configure --prefix=/var/jenkins_home/py3.6
make && make install


Add soft link

add to python3 Soft link

ln -s /usr/local/src/py3.6/bin/python3.6 /usr/bin/python3


add to pip3 Soft link

ln -s /usr/local/src/py3.6/bin/pip3 /usr/bin/pip3

If you have some, just ignore it


verification python3 Environmental Science

knock python3 and pip3 The result of the figure below is normal


Install the library required for the project


Need to be in python The project generates a requirement.txt, The specific tutorial can be seen in



  • take requirement.txt Upload to the host
  • Copy from host to container  docker cp requirement.txt jenkins1:/usr/local/src 


Finally, install the required libraries for the project

pip3 install -r requirements.txt


install Allure Environmental Science

Download from the official website allure package

Just choose the latest version , Or pick your own version


Transfer the compressed package into the container

  1. First upload the package to the host
  2. Then copy from the host to the container
docker cp jenkins1:/usr/local/src


Unzip the package



Give the highest permission to all contents of the folder

mv allure-2.13.6 allure
chmod -R 777 allure


To configure allure and py environment variable

cat >> /etc/profile << "EOF"
export PATH=/usr/local/src/allure/bin:$PATH
export PATH=/usr/local/src/py3.6/bin:$PATH

Remember to return one by one , Copy and paste, or just copy and paste


Update environment variable configuration file

source /etc/profile


Verify environment variables

allure --version
python3 --version



To configure JDK environment variable

View the current system configured environment variables


Here you can see many environment variables that come with the container itself

  • Jenkins Version of
  • JDK Installation path for


To configure JDK environment variable

cat >> /etc/profile << "EOF"
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH


Update environment variable configuration file

source /etc/profile


本文为[Little pineapple test notes]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

  1. 【计算机网络 12(1),尚学堂马士兵Java视频教程
  2. 【程序猿历程,史上最全的Java面试题集锦在这里
  3. 【程序猿历程(1),Javaweb视频教程百度云
  4. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  5. [computer network 12 (1), Shang Xuetang Ma soldier java video tutorial
  6. The most complete collection of Java interview questions in history is here
  7. [process of program ape (1), JavaWeb video tutorial, baidu cloud
  8. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  9. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  10. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  11. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  12. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  13. 【递归,Java传智播客笔记
  14. [recursion, Java intelligence podcast notes
  15. [adhere to painting for 386 days] the beginning of spring of 24 solar terms
  16. K8S系列第八篇(Service、EndPoints以及高可用kubeadm部署)
  17. K8s Series Part 8 (service, endpoints and high availability kubeadm deployment)
  18. 【重识 HTML (3),350道Java面试真题分享
  19. 【重识 HTML (2),Java并发编程必会的多线程你竟然还不会
  20. 【重识 HTML (1),二本Java小菜鸟4面字节跳动被秒成渣渣
  21. [re recognize HTML (3) and share 350 real Java interview questions
  22. [re recognize HTML (2). Multithreading is a must for Java Concurrent Programming. How dare you not
  23. [re recognize HTML (1), two Java rookies' 4-sided bytes beat and become slag in seconds
  24. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  25. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  26. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  27. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  28. 一次性捋清楚吧,对乱糟糟的,Spring事务扩展机制
  29. 一文彻底弄懂如何选择抽象类还是接口,连续四年百度Java岗必问面试题
  30. Redis常用命令
  31. 一双拖鞋引发的血案,狂神说Java系列笔记
  32. 一、mysql基础安装
  33. 一位程序员的独白:尽管我一生坎坷,Java框架面试基础
  34. Clear it all at once. For the messy, spring transaction extension mechanism
  35. A thorough understanding of how to choose abstract classes or interfaces, baidu Java post must ask interview questions for four consecutive years
  36. Redis common commands
  37. A pair of slippers triggered the murder, crazy God said java series notes
  38. 1、 MySQL basic installation
  39. Monologue of a programmer: despite my ups and downs in my life, Java framework is the foundation of interview
  40. 【大厂面试】三面三问Spring循环依赖,请一定要把这篇看完(建议收藏)
  41. 一线互联网企业中,springboot入门项目
  42. 一篇文带你入门SSM框架Spring开发,帮你快速拿Offer
  43. 【面试资料】Java全集、微服务、大数据、数据结构与算法、机器学习知识最全总结,283页pdf
  44. 【leetcode刷题】24.数组中重复的数字——Java版
  45. 【leetcode刷题】23.对称二叉树——Java版
  46. 【leetcode刷题】22.二叉树的中序遍历——Java版
  47. 【leetcode刷题】21.三数之和——Java版
  48. 【leetcode刷题】20.最长回文子串——Java版
  49. 【leetcode刷题】19.回文链表——Java版
  50. 【leetcode刷题】18.反转链表——Java版
  51. 【leetcode刷题】17.相交链表——Java&python版
  52. 【leetcode刷题】16.环形链表——Java版
  53. 【leetcode刷题】15.汉明距离——Java版
  54. 【leetcode刷题】14.找到所有数组中消失的数字——Java版
  55. 【leetcode刷题】13.比特位计数——Java版
  56. oracle控制用户权限命令
  57. 三年Java开发,继阿里,鲁班二期Java架构师
  58. Oracle必须要启动的服务
  59. 万字长文!深入剖析HashMap,Java基础笔试题大全带答案
  60. 一问Kafka就心慌?我却凭着这份,图灵学院vip课程百度云