Java back end deployment and communication with Android

The cold 2021-01-21 12:32:46
java end deployment communication android


1 summary

This article lists some Android+ Back end Java signal communication / Deployment issues and considerations , Coverage issues include, but are not limited to, security groups 、 database 、 Path, etc , If your readers Android The client can't access it properly Java Back end , I hope the solution here can help you .

2 classification

There are three types of problems :

  • Java End problem
  • Android End problem
  • Other miscellaneous issues

Let's take a look first Java Problems that may arise at the end .

3 Java End

Include :

  • database
  • Security group / A firewall
  • 404

3.1 database

3.1.1 drive

Be careful MySQL5.7 And MySQL8 It's not the same when registering drivers ,MySQL5.7 yes :

Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");

MySQL8 Above is :

Class.forName("com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver");

In addition, pay attention to JAR The package version is correct .

3.1.2 user name / password / jurisdiction

First of all, you need to make sure that the user name and password for accessing the database in the configuration file are correct , Otherwise, there may be various null pointer errors , In addition, you need to ensure that the user has the corresponding permissions on the target database or table .

3.1.3 Spring Boot Encryption configuration in

stay application.yaml/application.yml/application.properties Configure the corresponding user name and password in , Generally, plaintext is OK , This is for the use of Jasypt Encryption library (Jasypt Can encrypt Spring Boot Configuration file in , You can refer to here ) Speaking of .

Because use Jasypt The post configuration file is ciphertext , If the encrypted password cannot be read correctly at this time, an error will be reported directly , So we can aim at Jasypt Encryption method of ( Simple password encryption 、 Non plaintext password 、 Asymmetric encryption, etc ) Check the configuration file for errors , Or whether the corresponding environment variables are configured .

3.2 Security group / A firewall

3.2.1 Without a firewall

Check the firewall can be used :

systemctl status firewalld
# or 
systemctl status iptables

If it's not turned on , Then just deal with the security group .

Generally, server manufacturers provide security groups , Open the corresponding port and IP that will do :

 Insert picture description here

3.2.2 With firewall

3.2.2.1 firewalld

With firewall , You can check which services and rules are opened first :

firewall-cmd --list-services
firewall-cmd --list-ports

And add corresponding rules as needed , For example, opening up 8080 Port to all IP

# Add rules 
firewall-cmd --add-port=8080/tcp --permanent
# Reload 
firewall-cmd --reload

If you remove the rules, you can use :

# Remove rule 
firewalld-cmd --remove-port=8080/tcp --permanent
# It also needs to be reloaded 
firewall-cmd --reload

3.2.2.2 iptables

Check the status :

systemctl status iptables

Add rules , In order to open 8080 Port as an example , modify /etc/sysconfig/iptables

vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables

And add :

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8080 -j ACCEPT

Restart service takes effect :

systemctl restart iptables

3.3 404

appear 404 The main reason is that there is a problem with the path , There are two situations to discuss here :

  • Use JavaWeb Servlet form
  • Spring Boot

3.3.1 Servlet

Use Servlet Words , Local operation requires configuration Tomcat Or others Web The server , So if the IDEA Middle configuration Tomcat Words , Need to be in Application context Here is the configuration path :

 Insert picture description here

Of course, it's not impossible not to configure , By default, there is a path to the project name , It's usually hard to remember for a long time , It is suggested to change it to a path easy to remember .

If it's deployed on the server Tomcat, You need to pay attention to the packaged WAR The name of the bag , For example, after packing, it is demo.war, place webapps after , start-up Tomcat Will be automatically unpacked as webapps/demo, At this time, the path needs to correspond to demo Visit , such as :

http://www.example.com:8080/demo
http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:8080/demo

3.3.2 Spring Boot

Use SpringBoot Basically, there will be no path error , Thanks to the SpringBoot Powerful default configuration , Generally, write... On the corresponding method :

@GetMapping("/demo")
@PostMapping("/demo")

Then you can access it .

4 Android End

The investigation is over Java Let's take a look at the problem Android End of the problem , Include :

  • HTTP
  • Threads
  • AVD
  • jurisdiction
  • IP

4.1 HTTP

from Android P Start with the default requirement to use HTTPS, By default HTTP The following exceptions will occur :

W/System.err: java.io.IOException: Cleartext HTTP traffic to **** not permitted
java.net.UnknownServiceException: CLEARTEXT communication ** not permitted by network security policy

There are two solutions :

  • Use HTTPS
  • modify AndroidManifest.xml To allow HTTP Connect

Using the latter method , stay AndroidManifest.xml Add the following statement :

<application
android:usesCleartextTraffic="true"
/>

4.2 Threads

Android 4.0 At first, it is required that the network cannot be operated in the main thread , All networking operations require a new thread , So it's easier to deal with , Just put the network operation in the new thread , Examples are as follows :

FutureTask<String> task = new FutureTask<>(new NetworkThread());
Thread thread = new Thread(task);
thread.start();
String result = task.get();
public class NetworkThread implements Callable<String> {
@Override
public String call(){
// Network operating 
return result;
}
}

utilize FutureTask, Add an implementation Callable<T>T The type of is the return type of the thread operation , For example, here is the return String) Class into which ,start() After thread ,get() Get the results .

4.3 jurisdiction

stay AndroidManifest.xml Add network permissions :

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

4.4 AVD

The error log is as follows :

 Insert picture description here

StackOverflow The solution on the Internet is uninstall APP And restart AVD

 Insert picture description here

This method is tested by the author, but it is not guaranteed to be 100% effective , I guess this is AVD The problem of .

4.5 IP

about Android Come on , Local tests cannot be used localhost or 127.0.0.1, That is, you can't use :

"http://localhost:8080/demo/xxxx"
"http://127.0.0.1:8080/demo/xxxx"

It's using the intranet IP, such as 192.168 At the beginning , or 10.253 At the beginning , have access to

ip addr
# or 
ifconfig

see .

5 Other questions

5.1 HTTP signal communication

This is mainly for Java Web Speaking of , Because you need to manually configure all kinds of HTTP To configure , such as Content-Type And coding and so on , So if the settings are wrong or Android End and Java End inconsistency leads to Android The client cannot send the correct parameter or Java The client cannot get the correct parameters .

It's in the original HttpURLConnection For example , stay Android End , The settings for sending requests are as follows :

String url = "http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:xxxx/demo/xxxx";
HttpURLConnection connection = (HttpURLConnection) new URL(url).openConnection();
String data = "name="+ URLEncoder.encode(name, StandardCharsets.UTF_8.toString())+"&password="+URLEncoder.encode(password,StandardCharsets.UTF_8.toString());
connection.setRequestMethod("POST");
connection.setDoInput(true);
connection.setDoOutput(true);
connection.getOutputStream().write(data.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8));
byte [] bytes = new byte[1024];
int len = connection.getInputStream().read(bytes);
return new String(bytes,0,len,StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

After opening the connection , Through splicing and URLEncoder.encode() Get the data to be sent in the same way , Get the output stream and write it to .

stay Java The corresponding code is as follows :

@WebServlet("/xxxxx")
public class XXXServlet extends HttpServlet {
@Override
protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {
request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
response.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
response.setContentType("application/json;charset=utf-8");
String name = request.getParameter("name");
String password = request.getParameter("password");
}
}

First set up the encoding UTF8, Then get the parameters , You need to set the return type before returning , Here is application/json.

5.2 JSON serialize

JSON There are many serialization frameworks , Common are :

  • Gson
  • Jackson
  • fastjson

Here I use it when testing Jackson Simultaneous coordination Lombok, Note the need to add @Setter as well as @Getter, Otherwise / Deserialization doesn't work .

In addition, there needs to be a default construction method , When using a serialized response body , Examples are as follows :

@Setter
@Getter
public class ResponseBody{
private Object data;
private int code;
}

If there are other construction methods, please add @NoArgsConsturctor, Generate a parameterless construction method .

stay Kotlin You need to specify a default value for , such as :

class ResponseBody(var code:Int,var data:Any)

It doesn't work like this , Just add the default value :

class ResponseBody(var code:Int,var data:Any)

6 Last

I hope readers can see the final solution to the problem , In addition, if there are other problems or other solutions to the problem, please comment and add .

版权声明
本文为[The cold]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://javamana.com/2021/01/20210121123148915p.html

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