Jenkins -- details of deploying Jenkins with docker

. Thinking 2021-01-21 18:17:34
jenkins details deploying jenkins docker


  • System version Centos7.8 X64
  • Docker edition 18.09+
  • install docker-compose
  • RSA Format ssh A key pair , To pull gitlab Code and ssh Deploy to each application server , have access to ssh-keygen -t rsa To generate


Docker install

  1. install Docker service
curl -fsSL | bash -s docker --mirror Aliyun
  1. start-up Docker service
systemctl start docker
systemctl enable docker
  1. verification docker Is the installation successful
docker run hello-world

  1. install Docker-composer service
sudo curl -L "$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
  1. Grant Execution Authority
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
  1. verification docker-composer Is the installation successful
docker-compose --version

Jenkins install

The overall directory structure is as follows

└── data
├── deploy
│   └── jenkins
│   ├── config
│   ├── docker-composer.yml
│   └── Dockerfile
└── jenkins
├── certs
└── data

Create deployment directory and data directory

# Deposit docker-compose Related configuration files
mkdir -p /app/data/deploy/jenkins
# Deposit Jenkins Certificate related documents
mkdir -p /app/data/jenkins/certs
# Deposit Jenkins Data files
mkdir -p /app/data/jenkins/data
# Modify the permissions
cd /app/data
chmod 775 -R jenkins/
chown -R 1000:1000 jenkins/

Create the corresponding file configuration

Entry directory

cd /app/data/deploy/jenkins/


version: "2"
context: .
container_name: jenkins-blueocean
network_mode: bridge
- 8088:8080
# - 50000:50000
# - DOCKER_HOST=tcp://docker:2376
# - DOCKER_CERT_PATH=/certs/client
- TZ=Asia/Shanghai
- JENKINS_OPTS="-Dhudson.model.UpdateCenter.updateCenterUrl="
- /app/data/jenkins/certs:/certs/client:ro
- /app/data/jenkins/data:/var/jenkins_home
- jenkins-docker
- jenkins-docker:docker
image: docker:19.03.14-dind
container_name: jenkins-docker
privileged: true
network_mode: bridge
command: --config-file /etc/docker/daemon.json
- 2376:2376
- ./config/daemon.json:/etc/docker/daemon.json:ro
- /app/data/jenkins/certs:/certs/client
- /app/data/jenkins/data:/var/jenkins_home


FROM jenkins/jenkins:2.263.1-lts-slim
USER root
COPY config/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y apt-transport-https \
ca-certificates curl gnupg2 \
software-properties-common \
vim \
rsync \
tree \
RUN curl -fsSL | apt-key add -
RUN apt-key fingerprint 0EBFCD88
RUN add-apt-repository \
"deb [arch=amd64] \
$(lsb_release -cs) stable"
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y docker-ce-cli
USER jenkins
# RUN jenkins-plugin-cli --plugins blueocean:1.24.3

config To configure

"registry-mirrors": [
# Alibaba cloud image acceleration address
"log-opts": {
"max-size": "100m",
"max-file": "3"
"live-restore": true
deb buster main non-free contrib
deb-src buster main non-free contrib
deb buster/updates main
deb-src buster/updates main
deb buster-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src buster-updates main non-free contrib
deb buster-backports main non-free contrib
deb-src buster-backports main non-free contrib

Build launch Jenkins Mirror image

# Build a mirror image
docker-compose -f docker-composer.yml build
# Start the service
docker-compose -f docker-composer.yml up -d
# Check the log for the first login password
docker logs -f jenkins-blueocean

Jenkins initialization

Jenkins When it's fully started, a Jenkins is fully up and running journal , When you see this log, you can start to configure Jenkins 了 .

Sign in Jenkins

Enter the password you just got in the log to activate Jenkins

Wait for the plug-in to install automatically , If the installation fails due to network problems, try again

Set up admin Account and password

You can fill in the email at will

Set up Jenkins URL

URL Will be used to do Webhook And so on. And so on

Deployment completed

install Jenkins plug-in unit

Jenkins Automated Deployment relies on the collaboration of a series of plug-ins , So we need to install it in advance .

Configure upgrade site

Manage Jenkins->Manage Plugins-> senior

# Open source image
# Open source address

Configuration plug-ins

Optional plug-ins Search for the following plug-ins and install

Blue Ocean ( Optional , If you want to use Blue Ocean In the case of view )
SSH Pipeline Steps
Pipeline Utility Steps

restart Jenkins

Restart when the plug-in is installed Jenkins

To configure maven Tools

install maven
# ssh Get into Jenkins The server
# Get into Jenkins Containers
docker exec -it jenkins-blueocean bash
# Enter the user home directory , The contents of the user's home directory are mounted on the data disk , You can put the installation program in it
cd ~
mkdir -p tools && cd tools
# Download installation package
curl -o
# decompression
# Remove the installation package
# To configure maven settings.xml
cd ~
mkdir -p .m2
# In the project maven The configuration file settings.xml File content write .m2/settings.xml In file
To configure maven

stay Jenkins Server Web On the interface System management -> Global tool configuration ->Maven-> newly added maven install

  • The name is M3( The name is very important , We need to use this name in our pipeline configuration )
  • Tick off Auto install check box
  • And set up MAVEN_HOME The address is /var/jenkins_home/tools/apache-maven-3.6.3
  • Click on preservation .

To configure NodeJS

Above installation Jenkins The plug-in process has been installed NodeJS plug-in unit , because NodeJS There are many versions , So we need to manually configure NodeJS install , So you can use it in the pipeline .
stay Jenkins Server Web On the interface System management -> Global tool configuration ->NodeJS-> newly added NodeJS install

  • Alias set to NODEJS10( The name is very important , We need to use this name in our pipeline configuration )
  • Choose the version NodeJS10.23.0( You can choose... According to your needs )
  • Click on preservation .

To configure Jenkins

To configure Jenkins The credentials

Jenkins Provide the function of credential management to help us store the secret account password 、 Information such as private keys , In the configuration Pipeline We need to create the relevant credentials before we start .

  • Generate ssh Key pair
# ssh Get into Jenkins The server
# Get into Jenkins Containers
docker exec -it jenkins-blueocean bash
# Go to the main directory
cd ~
# Generate RSA Key pair
ssh-keygen -m PEM -t rsa

stay Jenkins On the interface System management -> manage credentials ` Create the following global ssh Key pair credentials , Fill in ID、 describe 、 User name and private key information

  • jenkins-ssh-deploy be used for ssh Deploy , Fill in the target operation and maintenance account with the user name , Such as root

  • jenkins-ssh-gitlab For from gitlab Pull code , Fill in the user name jenkins

  • gitlab On jenkins Add this ssh key

in order to Jenkins Can perform deployment tasks normally , Each application server operation and maintenance account should trust the key pair generated above .

Please refer to this article []

Create a shared class library

Jenkins Pipeline Support shared class libraries to reduce redundant code , We reuse code and manage deployment related configurations in this way .

System management -> The system configuration ->Global Pipeline Libraries Click Add to create a shared class library , The basic information is as follows :

Security configuration

System management -> Global security configuration -> Project matrix authorization strategy

Just authorize according to your own needs

Report errors

Build error reporting

It's just a record , The above steps have been changed to the correct ones .

Can't find a suitable configuration file in this directory or any
parent. Are you in the right directory?
Supported filenames: docker-compose.yml, docker-compose.yaml
# Solve mistakes
1. docker The service did not start
2. Use -f Specify profile

Start container error

[root@localhost jenkins]# docker logs -f jenkins-blueocean
touch: cannot touch '/var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log': Permission denied
Can not write to /var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log. Wrong volume permissions?
touch: cannot touch '/var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log': Permission denied
Can not write to /var/jenkins_home/copy_reference_file.log. Wrong volume permissions?
# Solve mistakes
1. Directory permission error (chown -R 1000:1000 < Local mapping directory >)
本文为[. Thinking]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢

  1. 【计算机网络 12(1),尚学堂马士兵Java视频教程
  2. 【程序猿历程,史上最全的Java面试题集锦在这里
  3. 【程序猿历程(1),Javaweb视频教程百度云
  4. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  5. [computer network 12 (1), Shang Xuetang Ma soldier java video tutorial
  6. The most complete collection of Java interview questions in history is here
  7. [process of program ape (1), JavaWeb video tutorial, baidu cloud
  8. Notes on MySQL 45 lectures (1-7)
  9. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  10. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  11. 精进 Spring Boot 03:Spring Boot 的配置文件和配置管理,以及用三种方式读取配置文件
  12. Refined spring boot 03: spring boot configuration files and configuration management, and reading configuration files in three ways
  13. 【递归,Java传智播客笔记
  14. [recursion, Java intelligence podcast notes
  15. [adhere to painting for 386 days] the beginning of spring of 24 solar terms
  16. K8S系列第八篇(Service、EndPoints以及高可用kubeadm部署)
  17. K8s Series Part 8 (service, endpoints and high availability kubeadm deployment)
  18. 【重识 HTML (3),350道Java面试真题分享
  19. 【重识 HTML (2),Java并发编程必会的多线程你竟然还不会
  20. 【重识 HTML (1),二本Java小菜鸟4面字节跳动被秒成渣渣
  21. [re recognize HTML (3) and share 350 real Java interview questions
  22. [re recognize HTML (2). Multithreading is a must for Java Concurrent Programming. How dare you not
  23. [re recognize HTML (1), two Java rookies' 4-sided bytes beat and become slag in seconds
  24. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  25. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  26. 造轮子系列之RPC 1:如何从零开始开发RPC框架
  27. RPC 1: how to develop RPC framework from scratch
  28. 一次性捋清楚吧,对乱糟糟的,Spring事务扩展机制
  29. 一文彻底弄懂如何选择抽象类还是接口,连续四年百度Java岗必问面试题
  30. Redis常用命令
  31. 一双拖鞋引发的血案,狂神说Java系列笔记
  32. 一、mysql基础安装
  33. 一位程序员的独白:尽管我一生坎坷,Java框架面试基础
  34. Clear it all at once. For the messy, spring transaction extension mechanism
  35. A thorough understanding of how to choose abstract classes or interfaces, baidu Java post must ask interview questions for four consecutive years
  36. Redis common commands
  37. A pair of slippers triggered the murder, crazy God said java series notes
  38. 1、 MySQL basic installation
  39. Monologue of a programmer: despite my ups and downs in my life, Java framework is the foundation of interview
  40. 【大厂面试】三面三问Spring循环依赖,请一定要把这篇看完(建议收藏)
  41. 一线互联网企业中,springboot入门项目
  42. 一篇文带你入门SSM框架Spring开发,帮你快速拿Offer
  43. 【面试资料】Java全集、微服务、大数据、数据结构与算法、机器学习知识最全总结,283页pdf
  44. 【leetcode刷题】24.数组中重复的数字——Java版
  45. 【leetcode刷题】23.对称二叉树——Java版
  46. 【leetcode刷题】22.二叉树的中序遍历——Java版
  47. 【leetcode刷题】21.三数之和——Java版
  48. 【leetcode刷题】20.最长回文子串——Java版
  49. 【leetcode刷题】19.回文链表——Java版
  50. 【leetcode刷题】18.反转链表——Java版
  51. 【leetcode刷题】17.相交链表——Java&python版
  52. 【leetcode刷题】16.环形链表——Java版
  53. 【leetcode刷题】15.汉明距离——Java版
  54. 【leetcode刷题】14.找到所有数组中消失的数字——Java版
  55. 【leetcode刷题】13.比特位计数——Java版
  56. oracle控制用户权限命令
  57. 三年Java开发,继阿里,鲁班二期Java架构师
  58. Oracle必须要启动的服务
  59. 万字长文!深入剖析HashMap,Java基础笔试题大全带答案
  60. 一问Kafka就心慌?我却凭着这份,图灵学院vip课程百度云