One 、Orchestrator brief introduction
Orchestrator It's an open source , Yes MySQL Replication provides high availability 、 Visual topology management tool , use go Language writing , It can actively discover the current topology and master-slave replication state , Support MySQL The adjustment of master slave replication topology 、 Support MySQL Automatic failover of main database (failover)、 Manual master-slave switching (switchover) And so on .
Orchestrator The backstage depends on MySQL perhaps SQLite Store metadata , Can provide Web Interface display MySQL Cluster topology and instance status , adopt Web The interface can be changed MySQL Some configuration information of the instance , Command line and api Interface , In order to more flexible automatic operation and maintenance management .Orchestrator Yes MySQL The main database is divided into automatic switchover and manual switchover . Manual switching is divided into recover、force-master-failover、force-master-takeover as well as graceful-master-takeover.
Compared with MHA,Orchestrator More emphasis on the management of replication topology , Can achieve MySQL Adjustment of any replication topology , And on this basis , Realization MySQL High availability . in addition ,Orchestrator You can also deploy multiple nodes on your own , adopt raft Distributed consistency protocol , Ensure your own high availability .
Orchestrator It has the following characteristics ：
- Automatically monitor the structure and status of database replication
- Provides GUI,CLI,API Check the status of the replication topology and do some adjustment operations
- Support for automatic master failover, When copying the structure of server After hanging up ( Whether it's manual or automatic ), Be able to reshape the replication topology
- Not dependent on specific server Version or branch (MySQL, Percona Server, MariaDB or even MaxScale binlog servers)
- Supports multiple types of topologies , Whether it's a single master-slave or hundreds of them server The multi-level replication of the composition is no problem
- its GUI Not just to you report Topology state , You can also do it in Orchestrator web The page changes the replication topology by dragging or deleting nodes (CLI and API Can also do )
Orchestrator Of GitHub Address ：
Orchestrator All parameters of ：
An example of an official suggested production configuration ：
Two 、 Quickly build Orchestrator Environmental Science
-- Pull the mirror image of the wheat seedling docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/lhrbest/lhrorchestrator:1.0 -- Create a container docker run -d --name lhrorchestrator -h lhrorchestrator \ -p 233:22 -p 3087:3389 -p 3000:3000 \ --privileged=true lhrbest/lhrorchestrator:1.0 \ /usr/sbin/init -- Into the container docker exec -it lhrorchestrator bash -- Start back end storage MySQL library systemctl status mysqld MySQL User name and password ：root/lhr -- start-up orchestrator systemctl start orchestrator systemctl status orchestrator -- web visit ： http://192.168.66.35:3000 User name and password ：lhr/lhr -- journal ： tailf /var/log/messages -- Parameter file /usr/local/orchestrator/orchestrator.conf.json
web The interface is as follows ：
3、 ... and 、 Add a master-slave environment
Add the configured replication instance to the orchestrator, because orch Automatically discover all instances of the entire topology , So just add any instance .
here , I have a set 1 Lord 2 From our environment , The topology is as follows ：
[root@docker35 log]# mysqlrplshow --master=root:email@example.com:3306 --discover-slaves-login=root:lhr --verbose WARNING: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. # master on 22.214.171.124: ... connected. # Finding slaves for master: 126.96.36.199:3306 # Replication Topology Graph 188.8.131.52:3306 (MASTER) | +--- 184.108.40.206:3306 [IO: Yes, SQL: Yes] - (SLAVE) | +--- 220.127.116.11:3306 [IO: Yes, SQL: Yes] - (SLAVE)
Let's start adding this environment to orchestrator in ：
Add success .
Let's add a dual master and dual slave environment ：
Choose any one MySQL Server run Discover operation , When I'm done , Refresh the page as follows ：
Four 、 Modify the cluster alias
After the modification is completed , Refresh the page ：
Be careful ： Cluster alias does not support Chinese .
5、 ... and 、 Drag the interface to modify the master-slave relationship
Manually modify the master-slave relationship ：
6、 ... and 、 Automatically failover
To achieve automatic failover, Need modification 2 Parameters ：
[root@lhrorchestrator orchestrator]# more orchestrator.conf.json | grep ClusterFilters "RecoverMasterClusterFilters": ["*"], "RecoverIntermediateMasterClusterFilters": ["*"],
this 2 A parameter defines which clusters can be automatically failover and recover.
Automatically failover Before ：
Take down the main library ：
[root@lhrorchestrator /]# mysql -uroot -plhr -h18.104.22.168 -P3306 mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 11357 Server version: 5.7.30-log MySQL Community Server (GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> shutdown ; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
Refresh the page ：
22.214.171.124 Automatically eliminated , The new main library becomes 126.96.36.199.
188.8.131.52 Points to the new main library 184.108.40.206.
220.127.116.11 Down , The border is black ：
Next launch 18.104.22.168, After startup ：
We need to join the cluster manually ：
[root@docker35 log]# mysql -uroot -plhr -h22.214.171.124 -P3306 mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 13 Server version: 5.7.30-log MySQL Community Server (GPL) Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> show slave hosts; Empty set (0.00 sec) mysql> show slave status; Empty set (0.00 sec) mysql> change master to -> master_host='126.96.36.199', -> master_port=3306, -> master_user='repl', -> master_password='lhr', -> master_auto_position=1; show slave status \G; Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.02 sec) mysql> mysql> start slave; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec) mysql> show slave status \G; *************************** 1. row *************************** Slave_IO_State: Checking master version Master_Host: 188.8.131.52 Master_User: repl Master_Port: 3306 Connect_Retry: 60 Master_Log_File: Read_Master_Log_Pos: 4 Relay_Log_File: master-relay-bin.000001 Relay_Log_Pos: 4 Relay_Master_Log_File: Slave_IO_Running: Yes Slave_SQL_Running: Yes Replicate_Do_DB: Replicate_Ignore_DB: Replicate_Do_Table: Replicate_Ignore_Table: Replicate_Wild_Do_Table: Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table: Last_Errno: 0 Last_Error: Skip_Counter: 0 Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 0 Relay_Log_Space: 154 Until_Condition: None Until_Log_File: Until_Log_Pos: 0 Master_SSL_Allowed: No Master_SSL_CA_File: Master_SSL_CA_Path: Master_SSL_Cert: Master_SSL_Cipher: Master_SSL_Key: Seconds_Behind_Master: 0 Master_SSL_Verify_Server_Cert: No Last_IO_Errno: 0 Last_IO_Error: Last_SQL_Errno: 0 Last_SQL_Error: Replicate_Ignore_Server_Ids: Master_Server_Id: 0 Master_UUID: Master_Info_File: mysql.slave_master_info SQL_Delay: 0 SQL_Remaining_Delay: NULL Slave_SQL_Running_State: Slave has read all relay log; waiting for more updates Master_Retry_Count: 86400 Master_Bind: Last_IO_Error_Timestamp: Last_SQL_Error_Timestamp: Master_SSL_Crl: Master_SSL_Crlpath: Retrieved_Gtid_Set: Executed_Gtid_Set: bacfcde8-69dc-11eb-b240-0242ac480002:1-70574, bc6d26f0-69dc-11eb-bfa7-0242ac480003:1-5 Auto_Position: 1 Replicate_Rewrite_DB: Channel_Name: Master_TLS_Version: 1 row in set (0.00 sec) ERROR: No query specified mysql>
Refresh the page ：
You can see , Back to the one Lord 2 From our environment .