POJO The object is actually our entity , This blog summarizes the framework for POJO Object corresponding database primary key generation strategy , And some of them POJO Simple operation of adding, deleting, modifying and querying objects .

  One ,Hibernate There are three ways to generate the primary key in the framework :

1, The database is responsible for generating the primary key ( surrogate key )

 a,native: It means that the set dialect determines which database is used to generate the primary key , for example : stay MySQL We're going to use a self-growing approach in our business , The primary key fields must all be integer types ; stay Oracle In the database , It's going to grow in a sequential way .

 b,sequence: It means to use the sequence of database to generate primary key , Apply to Oracle,DB2 In the database .

 c,identity: It means to use self growing primary key generation method , Apply to MySQL,SQL Server in .

2,Hibernate The framework is responsible for generating primary key values ( surrogate key ):

 a,increment: Indicates that the counter is provided by the framework itself , Accumulate data , Get primary key .

b,uuid: By the frame according to the parameters (IP Address ,JVM Virtual machine startup time , system time , Counter, etc ) Generate 32 position 16 A string of decimal digits .

3, The user provides the primary key value ( Naturally ):

Assigned: Business ( own ) Provide primary key .

Of course, it's often used here native,uuid and Assigned Ternary . Set up POJO When a class maps to a table , Set the primary key , The label is <id>, Among them <generator> Set in the tag , for example :

id Tags are used to map primary key fields
name Properties represent properties of a class
column Properties represent the fields of the table
<id name="usercode" column="usercode" length="32" type="java.lang.String">
<!-- Primary key generation policy -->
<generator class="assigned"/>

Two ,Hibernate Under the framework of POJO Three states of an object :

 1, Instantaneous state ( Temporary state ):Transient Object

Object is not associated with the data in the database , And it's not associated with the framework . for example , We just  new User();

2, Persistent state :Persistent Object

Objects are associated with data in the database , And associated with the framework . For example, what we just saved  session.sava(user);

3, Free state ( Offline status , Hosting status )Detached Object

Objects are associated with data in the database , But it has nothing to do with frameworks . For example, after saving session closed user.

Look at three states POJO Object conversion :

  3、 ... and ,Hibernate, For the three states of POJO The operation of adding, deleting, modifying and checking :

Instantaneous state

Persistent state

Free state

increase (Save)


Can not be ( It is not necessary to )

Can not be ( It is not necessary to )

Change (Update)

Can not be

It will be updated automatically after modification , There's no need to manually


Delete (delete)

Can not be




Can not be



1, preservation (Save):

adopt session.save(user); You can save the data , But here I want to mention , The generation strategy of primary key is different , Frame sending sql The time of the statement is different :

a,native: Calling save Method insert sentence .

b,uuid Primary key generation strategy and assigned Primary key generation policy : Send... When a transaction is committed insert sentence .

This is because the primary key is generated at different times , because native It's generated in the database , So it was sent earlier .

2, to update (Update):

I want to talk about the update of free objects :




There are records

send out upate sentence

Will query and judge , Update again

send out update sentence

Record does not exist

Send statement , It's abnormal

Will query and judge , Insert operation

Send statement , It's abnormal

3, Delete (delete):

Here, just provide the primary key , According to the primary key id Delete , as long as id To exist is to .

4, Inquire about :

a, Primary key query :

get: The return result may be : Persistent objects or null, So we need to make a non null judgment on the result . It takes advantage of caching , It's an immediate inquiry .

//get Method query if successful , Then the returned object state is persistent state

Objectobj = session.get(User.class, "admin");

 load: The return result may be : Persistent objects or cglib Proxy object or exception , Using the cache , The default is delayed loading .

//load Method 1: store the query results in the cache , Supports delayed loading , More efficient , But mainly

Objectobj = session.load(User.class, "admin");

b, Common query ( Object oriented query ): We'll introduce


HQL (HibernateQuery Language),HQL Language is right SQL The encapsulation of language , It's an object-oriented query language . for example :SQL : select * from t_user( Table name ) where username( Field )="tom"

HQL : from User( Class name ) where username( attribute )="tom"

// Paging query 
String hql = "from User u "; // Object oriented query HQL!!!!!
Query query = session.createQuery(hql);
int pageno = 3 ;
int pagesize = 2 ;
int index = (pageno - 1) * pagesize ; query.setFirstResult(index);// The first subscript of a page
query.setMaxResults(pagesize); // The size of the number of pages // Conditions of the query
String hql = "from User u where u.usercode=? and u.userpswd=?"; // Object oriented query HQL!!!!!
Query query = session.createQuery(hql);
query.setString(0, "admin"); // Index from 0 Start
query.setString(1, "admin");

2,   Criteria: All operations will be done in an object-oriented way .

Criteria cra = session.createCriteria(User.class);
cra.setFirstResult(0); // Start index
cra.setMaxResults(2); // Number of pages // Sort
Criteria cra = session.createCriteria(User.class);
cra.addOrder(Order.desc("username")); // Conditions of the query
Criteria cra = session.createCriteria(User.class);
cra.add(Restrictions.eq("username", "aaa"));
cra.add(Restrictions.eq("usercode", "aaa"));

  In conclusion Hibernate Yes POJO Simple manipulation of objects , It's mainly about mapping , Simple configuration , And then use it Hibernate The method inside is configured . Here are a few simple examples, involving less knowledge , We can see Hibernate For reference , It will help us a lot !

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