Analysis of Linux DHCP server IP allocation Python script

Leymus chinensis 2021-07-20 04:42:17
analysis linux dhcp server ip


The customer has one here linux The server , As dhcp Server usage . Every time you need to query dhcp The default address assignment record can only be in cat /var/lib/dhcpd/dhcpd.leases View this file , It's very inconvenient to inquire
Just like this.

Later, I tried to write a script to parse , But it wasn't handled very well . But in githup I found a big man writing python Script , Can complete the analysis of Statistics , Humanized a lot , Just like this.

The script is as follows :

#!/usr/bin/python
import datetime, bisect
def parse_timestamp(raw_str):
tokens = raw_str.split()
if len(tokens) == 1:
if tokens[0].lower() == 'never':
return 'never';
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in timestamp')
elif len(tokens) == 3:
return datetime.datetime.strptime(' '.join(tokens[1:]),
'%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S')
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in timestamp')
def timestamp_is_ge(t1, t2):
if t1 == 'never':
return True
elif t2 == 'never':
return False
else:
return t1 >= t2
def timestamp_is_lt(t1, t2):
if t1 == 'never':
return False
elif t2 == 'never':
return t1 != 'never'
else:
return t1 < t2
def timestamp_is_between(t, tstart, tend):
return timestamp_is_ge(t, tstart) and timestamp_is_lt(t, tend)
def parse_hardware(raw_str):
tokens = raw_str.split()
if len(tokens) == 2:
return tokens[1]
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in hardware')
def strip_endquotes(raw_str):
return raw_str.strip('"')
def identity(raw_str):
return raw_str
def parse_binding_state(raw_str):
tokens = raw_str.split()
if len(tokens) == 2:
return tokens[1]
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in binding state')
def parse_next_binding_state(raw_str):
tokens = raw_str.split()
if len(tokens) == 3:
return tokens[2]
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in next binding state')
def parse_rewind_binding_state(raw_str):
tokens = raw_str.split()
if len(tokens) == 3:
return tokens[2]
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in next binding state')
def parse_leases_file(leases_file):
valid_keys = {
'starts': parse_timestamp,
'ends': parse_timestamp,
'tstp': parse_timestamp,
'tsfp': parse_timestamp,
'atsfp': parse_timestamp,
'cltt': parse_timestamp,
'hardware': parse_hardware,
'binding': parse_binding_state,
'next': parse_next_binding_state,
'rewind': parse_rewind_binding_state,
'uid': strip_endquotes,
'client-hostname': strip_endquotes,
'option': identity,
'set': identity,
'on': identity,
'abandoned': None,
'bootp': None,
'reserved': None,
}
leases_db = {}
lease_rec = {}
in_lease = False
in_failover = False
for line in leases_file:
if line.lstrip().startswith('#'):
continue
tokens = line.split()
if len(tokens) == 0:
continue
key = tokens[0].lower()
if key == 'lease':
if not in_lease:
ip_address = tokens[1]
lease_rec = {'ip_address' : ip_address}
in_lease = True
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in leases file')
elif key == 'failover':
in_failover = True
elif key == '}':
if in_lease:
for k in valid_keys:
if callable(valid_keys[k]):
lease_rec[k] = lease_rec.get(k, '')
else:
lease_rec[k] = False
ip_address = lease_rec['ip_address']
if ip_address in leases_db:
leases_db[ip_address].insert(0, lease_rec)
else:
leases_db[ip_address] = [lease_rec]
lease_rec = {}
in_lease = False
elif in_failover:
in_failover = False
continue
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in leases file')
elif key in valid_keys:
if in_lease:
value = line[(line.index(key) + len(key)):]
value = value.strip().rstrip(';').rstrip()
if callable(valid_keys[key]):
lease_rec[key] = valid_keys[key](value)
else:
lease_rec[key] = True
else:
raise Exception('Parse error in leases file')
else:
if in_lease:
raise Exception('Parse error in leases file')
if in_lease:
raise Exception('Parse error in leases file')
return leases_db
def round_timedelta(tdelta):
return datetime.timedelta(tdelta.days,
tdelta.seconds + (0 if tdelta.microseconds < 500000 else 1))
def timestamp_now():
n = datetime.datetime.utcnow()
return datetime.datetime(n.year, n.month, n.day, n.hour, n.minute,
n.second + (0 if n.microsecond < 500000 else 1))
def lease_is_active(lease_rec, as_of_ts):
return timestamp_is_between(as_of_ts, lease_rec['starts'],
lease_rec['ends'])
def ipv4_to_int(ipv4_addr):
parts = ipv4_addr.split('.')
return (int(parts[0]) << 24) + (int(parts[1]) << 16) + \
(int(parts[2]) << 8) + int(parts[3])
def select_active_leases(leases_db, as_of_ts):
retarray = []
sortedarray = []
for ip_address in leases_db:
lease_rec = leases_db[ip_address][0]
if lease_is_active(lease_rec, as_of_ts):
ip_as_int = ipv4_to_int(ip_address)
insertpos = bisect.bisect(sortedarray, ip_as_int)
sortedarray.insert(insertpos, ip_as_int)
retarray.insert(insertpos, lease_rec)
return retarray
##############################################################################
myfile = open('/var/lib/dhcpd/dhcpd.leases', 'r')
leases = parse_leases_file(myfile)
myfile.close()
now = timestamp_now()
report_dataset = select_active_leases(leases, now)
print('+------------------------------------------------------------------------------')
print('| DHCPD ACTIVE LEASES REPORT')
print('+-----------------+-------------------+----------------------+-----------------')
print('| IP Address | MAC Address | Expires (days,H:M:S) | Client Hostname ')
print('+-----------------+-------------------+----------------------+-----------------')
for lease in report_dataset:
print('| ' + format(lease['ip_address'], '<15') + ' | ' + \
format(lease['hardware'], '<17') + ' | ' + \
format(str((lease['ends'] - now) if lease['ends'] != 'never' else 'never'), '>20') + ' | ' + \
lease['client-hostname'])
print('+-----------------+-------------------+----------------------+-----------------')
print('| Total Active Leases: ' + str(len(report_dataset)))
print('| Report generated (UTC): ' + str(now))
print('+------------------------------------------------------------------------------')

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I feel like the operation and maintenance work , Easy again ...

My level is very high low, I can't learn. , As the saying goes We don't produce code , Just a porter in the code world .

I've collected a lot of scripts before , Unified in their own code base

https://gitee.com/yashirochaos/yangchao

Not now python Our cloud computing engineers are not good networkers Come on, guys

版权声明
本文为[Leymus chinensis]所创,转载请带上原文链接,感谢
https://javamana.com/2021/05/20210530165826246n.html

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