Measure the Dubbo function of Tengine open source

roshilikang 2021-09-15 04:25:13
measure dubbo function tengine open

This article has been included welcome star.


  • Tengine Alibaba is based on Nginx Developed and open source Web The server , It inherited Nginx All the functions and features , And on the basis of it, we have done a lot of expansion and enhancement , Such as dynamic module loading , Four layer load balancing ,reuseport Ability to support , It's all gradually being ignored Nginx Official absorption and citation .Tengine It's very popular after open source , Become Nginx One of the best alternatives , Official website (

  • Dubbo It's a high-performance product of Alibaba open source 、 Lightweight open source Java RPC frame , It provides three core competencies : Interface oriented remote method call , Intelligent fault tolerance and load balancing , And automatic service registration and discovery .

2019 year 9 month ,Tengine 2.3.2 Version released dubbo_pass modular , Support HTTP The agreement reached Dubbo Protocol conversion .Release The page is as follows :


《Gateway The technological revolution - Tengine Open source Dubbo function 》 Yes Tengine Support Dubbo The meaning of the agreement is quite clear , The conclusion is as follows :

  • Structure optimization : Reduce one layer of forwarding , Reduce system complexity ;
  • Performance advantages : The data are given in this paper ,“Tengine Direct support for Dubbo Architecture in CPU Consumption and RT In different scenes , Yes 28%-73% Different performance advantages ”

Actually measured

Tengine Environment building

Here I use centos The basic image of a set of Tengine Environmental Science , Give me a brief description of the steps :

  • Into the container , Create a working directory
mkdir -p /home/roshi && cd /home/roshi/
  • Download the source code and unzip it
unzip && cd tengine-2.3.2/

tar xvf pcre-8.43.tar.gz

tar xvf openssl-1.0.2s.tar.gz

tar xvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
  • Installation dependent
yum install gcc
yum install gcc-c++
yum -y install gcc automake autoconf libtool make
  • compile
./configure --add-module=./modules/mod_dubbo --add-module=./modules/ngx_multi_upstream_module --add-module=./modules/mod_config --with-pcre=./pcre-8.43/ --with-openssl=./openssl-1.0.2s/ --with-zlib=./zlib-1.2.11
make && make install
  • start-up

Dubbo Example

I want to mention that before 《dubbo First experience of application level service discovery 》 Quick build mentioned in Dubbo Ways to debug the environment :

  • git clone
  • Use /dubbo-demo Examples in the directory , This article USES the /dubbo-demo/dubbo-demo-api-provider The following example

because Tengine Limited , The outgoing and incoming parameters of an interface must be Map<String, Object>, So you need to modify the example :

  • DemoService
public interface DemoService {

    String sayHello(String name);

    default Map<String, Object> testTengine(Map<String, Object> args) {
        return null;

    default CompletableFuture<String> sayHelloAsync(String name) {
        return CompletableFuture.completedFuture(sayHello(name));
public class DemoServiceImpl implements DemoService {
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DemoServiceImpl.class);

    public String sayHello(String name) {"Hello " + name + ", request from consumer: " + RpcContext.getContext().getRemoteAddress());
        return "Hello " + name + ", response from provider: " + RpcContext.getContext().getLocalAddress();

    public Map<String, Object> testTengine(Map<String, Object> args) {
        Map<String, Object> res = new HashMap<>();
        res.put("body""hello tengine dubbo\n");
        return res;

    public CompletableFuture<String> sayHelloAsync(String name) {
        return null;


In order to better test multiple provider The situation of , You can use the same code , Multiple services on different ports .

modify Tengine To configure

  • vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
worker_processes  1;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    sendfile        on;

    server {
        listen       8080;
        server_name  localhost;

        #pass the Dubbo to Dubbo Provider server listening on
        location / {
            dubbo_pass_all_headers on;
            # dubbo_pass_set args $args;
            dubbo_pass_set args hello;
            dubbo_pass_set uri $uri;
            dubbo_pass_set method $request_method;

            dubbo_pass org.apache.dubbo.demo.DemoService 0.0.0 testTengine dubbo_backend;

    #pass the Dubbo to Dubbo Provider server listening on
    upstream dubbo_backend {
        multi 1;
        server host.docker.internal:20880;
        server host.docker.internal:20881;
  • After modifying the configuration reload To configure , Make it effective
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload


Use the following command to test

curl -X POST -i -d "hello=roshi"

Let's take a look at the transmission of the reference


After testing , Summarize the following :

  • The output and input parameters of the interface are fixed to Map<String, Object>, Otherwise, an error will be reported
  • Use body The ginseng , To Dubbo On the side is byte[], You also need to parse
  • Can control the return of body and http Status code , Which returned body It can be String, It can also be byte[] type , Status code is String type
  • Have Tengine Native load balancing algorithm
  • It has the function of fault removal ,Tegine And Dubbo Provider Long connections will be established , If it is disconnected, it will be removed
  • Unrealized version、group Grouping function , In document version There is no effect in the actual measurement


just as 《Gateway The technological revolution - Tengine Open source Dubbo function 》 What is said in the article ,Tengine Just finished as Dubbo Consumer Protocol support for , Like service discovery 、 Custom interface 、 Service group 、 Other functions such as fault tolerance and degradation have not been implemented yet , For the time being, it's still a long way from production .

Finally, I want to make complaints about it. Tengine Documents on the official website

Reference resources

  • Official documents
  • The official example

WeChat official account " Master bug catcher ", Back end technology sharing , Architecture design 、 performance optimization 、 Source code reading 、 Troubleshoot problems 、 Step on the pit practice .


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