# HDU 1078 FatMouse and Cheese（记忆化搜索，DP，rocketmq教程教程

HarmonyOS学习 2021-11-25 18:30:05
java 面试 编程语言 后端开发

### 1.题目

FatMouse has stored some cheese in a city. The city can be considered as a square grid of dimension n: each grid location is labelled (p,q) where 0 <= p < n and 0 <= q < n. At each grid location Fatmouse has hid between 0 and 100 blocks of cheese in a hole. Now he’s going to enjoy his favorite food.

FatMouse begins by standing at location (0,0). He eats up the cheese where he stands and then runs either horizontally or vertically to another location. The problem is that there is a super Cat named Top Killer sitting near his hole, so each time he can run at most k locations to get into the hole before being caught by Top Killer. What is worse – after eating up the cheese at one location, FatMouse gets fatter. So in order to gain enough energy for his next run, he has to run to a location which have more blocks of cheese than those that were at the current hole.

Given n, k, and the number of blocks of cheese at each grid location, compute the maximum amount of cheese FatMouse can eat before being unable to move.

Input

There are several test cases. Each test case consists of

a line containing two integers between 1 and 100: n and k

n lines, each with n numbers: the first line contains the number of blocks of cheese at locations (0,0) (0,1) … (0,n-1); the next line contains the number of blocks of cheese at locations (1,0), (1,1), … (1,n-1), and so on.

The input ends with a pair of -1’s.

Output

For each test case output in a line the single integer giving the number of blocks of cheese collected.

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【docs.qq.com/doc/DSmxTbFJ1cmN1R2dB】 完整内容开源分享

Sample Input

3 1

1 2 5

10 11 6

12 12 7

-1 -1

Sample Output

37

### 4.代码

#define _CRT_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS

#include<iostream>

#include<cstdio>

#include<algorithm>

#include<cstring>

using namespace std;

const int maxn = 100 + 5;

int a[maxn][maxn], dp[maxn][maxn]; //dp[i][j]表示以第i行第j列个网格为起点所能得到的最大值

int dirt[4][2] = { {0,1},{0,-1},{1,0},{-1,0} }; ///四个方向

int n, k;

bool in(int x, int y) 判断是否出边界

{

if (x >= 0 && x < n&&y >= 0 && y < n)

return 1;

else

return 0;

}

int dfs(int x, int y)

{

int ans=0;

for (int j = 1; j <= k; j++) ///水平或者垂直方向走k步

{

for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)

{

int nx = x + dirt[i][0]*j; ///水平

int ny = y + dirt[i][1]*j; ///垂直

# 总结

https://blog.51cto.com/u_15438507/4690470